Part 3

(Section 7C)

What the Storm Revealed

Colonial Roots of Disaster

Frances Negrón Muntaner, “Puerto Rico Was Undergoing a Humanitarian Crisis Long Before Hurricane Maria,” Pacific Standard, September 29, 2017.

Gabrielle Thongs and Levi Gahman, “In the Caribbean, colonialism and inequality mean hurricanes hit harder,” The Conversation, September 20, 2017.

Carlos Martín and Zaire Dinzey-Flores, “How Hurricane Maria exposed Puerto Rico’s “colonial boom and bust,” Urban Institute, October 12, 2017.

Yarimar Bonilla and Marisol Lebrón, editors. Aftershocks of Disaster: Puerto Rico Before and After the Storm. Haymarket Books, 2019.

Fernando Tormos-Aponte and José Ciro Martínez, “Puerto Rico at the Precipice,” Jacobin, October 5, 2017.

Edwin Meléndez, “The U.S.’s neglect of Puerto Rico has never been benign,” Global Americans, October 3, 2017.

Isa Rodriguez Soto, “Colonialism’s Orchestrated Disasters in Puerto Rico,” Anthropology News, November 27, 2017.

Jacqueline N. Font-Guzman, “Puerto Ricans are hardly U.S. citizens. They are colonial Subjects.,” The Washington Post, December 13, 2017.

Benjamín Torres Gotay, “Puerto Rico se levanta (rá),” El Nuevo Día, October 15, 2017.

Benjamín Torres Gotay, “La otra lección de Maria” El Nuevo Día, November 12, 2017.

Frontline and NPR, “Black Out in Puerto Rico,” PBS, May 1, 2018.

Cycles of Debt and Austerity

Natasha Lycia Ora Bannan, “Puerto Rico’s Double Devastation: Hurricanes And Austerity,” Huffington Post, September 26, 2017.

Joel Cintrón Arbasetti and Carla Minet, “El dilema de reconstruir a Puerto Rico o pagar la deuda,” Centro de Periodismo Investigativo, October 17, 2017.

Francine McKenna, “Puerto Rico’s bondholders worried after Hurricane Maria turns out lights,” MarketWatch, September 21, 2017.

David Dayen, “Puerto Rican Debt Holders Respond to Catastrophic Hurricane by Offering Puerto Rico More Debt,” The Intercept, September 27, 2017.

Michelle Kaske, “Puerto Rico Rejects $1 Billion Loan Offer From Bondholders,” Bloomberg, September 28, 2017.

Kate Aronoff, “Puerto Rico is on Track for Historic Debt Forgiveness — Unless Wall Street Gets in its Way,” The Intercept, October 4 2017.

Puerto Rico Debt Forgiveness: A Moral Imperative Or Economic Recklessness?,” WBEZ 91.5, October 11, 2017.

Joanisabel González, “Moody’s degrada la deuda de Puerto Rico,” El Nuevo Día, October 12, 2017.

Joanisabel González. “Pierde tracción la actividad económica local luego de los huracanes Irma y María,” El Nuevo Día, April 16, 2019.

Ian J. Seda-Irizarry and Heriberto Martíez-Otero, “Puerto Rico’s Not-So-Natural Disaster,” Jacobin, October 24, 2017.

Ryan Cooper, “Thanks to Obama, Puerto Rico might never recover from Irma,” The Week, September 15, 2017.

Eva Lloréns Vélez, “Bondholders say Puerto Rico utility overstates extent of hurricane damage,” Caribbean Business, November 4, 2017.

Luis J. Valentían Ortiz, “Economistas y demógrafos presentan sombrío panorama a la junta de control fiscal,” CB, November 16, 2017.

Joe Light. “Puerto Rico’s New Tax Break Lures Money as Expiration Date Looms,” Bloomberg, December 11, 2018.

Unequal Vulnerability

Jonathan Levin and Ezra Fieser, “Maria Fallout Lays Bare Puerto Rico’s Sharp Income Divide,” Bloomberg, September 23, 2017.

Frances Negrón Muntaner, “The Crisis in Puerto Rico Is a Racial Issue. Here’s Why,“ The Root, October 12, 2017.

David Usborne, “Inside the Puerto Rican town that lays bare the failures of America’s relief effort,” The Independent, October 6, 2017.

Caribbean Business. “UM study: Less hurricane aid, slower response to Puerto Rico than to Texas, Florida,” Caribbean Business, January 21, 2009.

Suzanne Gamboa, “‘Everyone’s life became more expensive’: Hurricane Maria hitting Puerto Ricans’ pocketbooks,” NBC News, October 28, 2017.

Luis Ferré-Sadurní, “Irma Grazes Puerto Rico but Lays Bare an Infrastructure Problem,” The New York Times, September 10, 2017.

In Puerto Rico’s Highlands, Hurricane Maria Has Exploded Fault Lines of Poverty & AusterityDemocracy Now, November 3, 2017.

Yolanda Martinez and Anna Flagg, “Puerto Rico Puts Its Prisons Near Flood Zones,” The Marshall Project, September 21, 2017.

Nydia Bauzá, “Más vulnerable la mujer por la crisis creada por el huracán María,” El Nuevo Día, October 12, 2017.

Puerto Rico’s opioid epidemic: addicts struggle in wake of Hurricane Maria,” Channel 4 News, December 11, 2017.

John D. Sutter, “‘The Maria Generation’: Young people are dying and suffering on an island with a highly uncertain future” CNN, September 17, 2018.

Sustainable Futures: Debt Relief and Beyond

Aliza Abarbanel, “What Will Puerto Rican Food Look Like After Hurricane Maria?,” Bon Appetit, October 4, 2017.

Brian Kahn, “Puerto Rico Has a Once In a Lifetime Opportunity to Rethink How It Gets Electricity,” Earther, October 4, 2017.

Ashley Dawson, “Let sun and wind power Puerto Rico’s future,” The Daily News, October 11, 2017.

Marisol LeBrón and Hilda Lloréns, “It Is Time to Transform, Not Just Rebuild, in Puerto Rico,” Truthout, October 4, 2017.

Alejandra Rosa and Patricia Mazzei. “‘A Space Where You Could Be Free’: Puerto Rico’s L.G.B.T. Groups Rebuild After a Hurricane,” The New York Times, July 7, 2019.

Elizabeth Yeampierre and Naomi Klein, “Imagine a Puerto Rico Recovery Designed by Puerto Ricans,” The Intercept, October 20, 2017.

José Caraballo-Cueto, “Crisis must spur new deal for Puerto Rico with US,” The Hill, September 26, 2017

Adriana Garriga-López, “Here’s What Has to Happen for Puerto Rico to Recover After Maria,” Fortune, September 25, 2017.

Rafael Bernabe, “Bases para la reconstrucción,” 80Grados, October 9, 2017.

Sarah Molinari, “Unfinished Business in Puerto Rico: The Case for Debt Audit and Relief after the Hurricanes,” The Platform, November 11, 2017.

Rafael Bernabe y Manuel Rodríguez Banchs, “Carta abierta al pueblo de Estados Unidos—desde Puerto Rico, un mes después del huracán María,” 80 grados, October 24, 2017.

José Caraballo Cueto, “La economía después de María,” El Nuevo Día, November 3, 2017.

Antonio Carmona Báez, “It Takes a Hurricane…Puerto Rico’s Yearning for Energy Democracy,” New Politics Papers, July 30, 2018.

JunteGente, Manifiesto de la Emergencia y la Esperanza, July 2, 2018.

Artists Respond to Hurricane Maria

Camile Roldán Soto, “Arte y letras para procesar el impacto del huracán María,” El Nuevo Día, October 26, 2017.

Charo Henríquez, Joe Coscarelli, Michael Paulson and Jennifer Schuessler. “Creativity From the Chaos of Hurricane Maria,” The New York Times, September 20, 2018.

Frances Gallardo. Meteoro, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, December 27, 2012.

Jon Feinstein. “Disaster Under a Sunny Sky: Ruben Natal-San Miguel’s Strangely Electric Photographs of Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria,” HAF, January 8, 2018.

Felix Contreras, “Tiny Desk: Andrea Cruz,” NPR, March 27, 2019.

Hilary Hughes, “Hurray For The Riff Raff On Her Energizing Visit to Puerto Rico: Musicians ‘Keep the Resistance Alive‘,” Billboard, December 21, 2018.

Iván de la Nuez, “Huracán Caribe,” El País, January 15, 2018.